PCOD or POLYCYSTIC OVARY DISEASE is a hormonal disorder in females in which the ovaries get bigger in size and present with multiple cysts.
When the disease is limited to the ovary it is called as polycystic ovary but when it affects the other parts of the body due to hormonal imbalance it is called as PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
The cause of PCOD/PCOS is not well understood but it may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
PCOD/PCOS patients have excess androgen production which is a male hormone leading to various symptoms in the body.
There are multiple signs and symptoms related to PCOD such as-
- Irregular periods.
- Excess hair growth on face, chest area.
- Loss of scalp hair.
- Obesity/ weight gain.
- Acanthosis nigricans or presence of dark patches at the back of neck.
- Sleep apnea- sleep disorder in which breathing is interrupted (stops and starts ) during sleep.
- It is a common cause of infertility in women.
- It can lead to insulin resistance in the body which is a hormone produced by the pancreas that controls blood sugar levels in the body. Due to insulin resistance the patient have high blood sugar levels in the body.
- There can be an increase in blood pressure and cholesterol levels in the body.
How is PCOS diagnosed ?
Apart from the signs and symptoms there are various tests for the confirmation of PCOS.
- Lab tests shows increase in androgen levels (male hormone)
- Radiological examination (ultrasound) shows presence of multiple cysts in the ovaries.
- Blood tests shows increase in cholesterol levels.
What are the treatments given for PCOD/PCOS?
It is very important to consult your gynaecologist for treatment.
Proper history and examination of the patient is very important for any treatment.
There is no definite treatment but various medications prescribed in the patients according to the signs and symptoms such as-
- Oral contraceptive pills for regulating periods.
- Statins for controlling cholesterol levels.
- Medicines to reduce blood sugar levels in the body.
- Hormonal treatments to increase fertility.
- Laser hair removal of hirsutism or excess hair growth.
Apart from the medications diet and lifestyle changes shows significant improvement for regulating hormone levels and controlling weight in the patients.
Dietary recommendations includes-
- High fibre foods such as- pears, strawberries, apples, quinoa, oats, chia seeds.
- Fatty fish- for omega fatty acids to increase high density lipoproteins in the body.
- Lentils, legumes.
- Nuts kale
- Foods with low glycemic index such as- spinach, Leafy green vegetables, kidney beans, chickpeas, fruits.
Foods that should be avoided-
- Carbonated drinks.
- High glycemic foods such as- white rice, white bread, potatoes.
- High processed foods such as pasta, chips,Cakes,pizza.
- Packaged cereals.
- “Zero calorie” food and drinks.
For reducing weight and regulating hormone levels in the body it is very important to have an active lifestyle.
Invest your time in 30-40 minutes of cardio 4-5 times a week.
Cardio exercises includes- brisk walking, running, swimming, cycling, dancing.
Yoga also helps in making the body more active while reducing stress in the body. If the stress levels are reduced it results in making your body strong.
Hope you found the article helpful.
Take care. ❤️❤️